Written by Madhav Bahl, a grade 9 student.
Over the years there have been various changes in the capital cities of various places. This can be due to a variety of reasons be it the climate of a place being extreme, for example the capital of Jammu and Kashmir in the summers is Srinagar and in the winters it is Jammu.
It can also be that it is an administrative change like the capital of India shifting from Calcutta (now Kolkata) to Delhi . Recently there has been another reason added to this that is poor lifestyle and a threat of sinking due to rising sea levels caused by global warming in a capital city has led to its changing.
On 18th January Indonesia has moved its capital city from Jakarta to Nusantara due to high pollution levels , ground water problems and a constant threat of Jakarta sinking due to rising sea levels in the surrounding Java sea.
More about the topic
Indonesia has a rich heritage but has gone through rapid urbanisation which has led to unplanned making of houses and sewage pipes in Jakarta. Due to such high population density Jakarta has bad AQI levels as well as ground water pollution.
To rectify such big problems Indonesia spends huge amounts of money which they will now save. Jakarta will still be one of the most important cities as it is a trading hub while Nusantara will be the capital
Effect of this change
This change has both good and bad effects. The change in the capital highlights Indonesia’s commitment to sustainability and reduces the chances of its capital city sinking. Though this change can have a violent effect as well as Nusantara has a lot of Hindu heritage and honours the Hindu Indonesian’s even though they have a population of just 1.7 percent and hence it might bother the Muslim dominated Indonesia.