Written by Vedika Pathania, a second-year student.
What is happening in Madagascar?
According to the United Nations, Madagascar (a country in East Africa) is on the verge of facing the world’s first “climate change extreme scarcity of food,” with tens of thousands of people already suffering “catastrophic” levels of hunger and food insecurity following four years without rain.
The destruction inflicted by Madagascar’s worst a long period of very low rainfall, leading to a shortage of... More in four decades is seen in the broken red ground and sunken eyes of malnourished youngsters. Madagascar is one of Africa’s poorest countries.
Climate change specialists believe such heartbreaking pictures should serve as an alarm bell about the need for significant action to curb planet-heating discharge of something, especially gas or radiation and climate-proof global agricultural systems as the south of the island is pushed to the verge of starvation.
How is it affecting the people?
More than 1.14 million people in the south of the Indian Ocean country are food insecure, according to the UN, as a result of the a long period of very low rainfall, leading to a shortage of... More, which some scientists Regard something as being caused by. "he attributed the firm... More to global warming.
The country’s worst a long period of very low rainfall, leading to a shortage of... More in four decades has wreaked Widespread destruction. on remote rural villages in the south, forcing people to hunt for insects to survive. The effects of the present a long period of very low rainfall, leading to a shortage of... More are already being felt in bigger cities in southern Madagascar, with many youngsters having to beg for food on the streets.
According to the UN, 30,000 people are already suffering from the greatest degree of food insecurity – level five – and there are fears that the number of people impacted could grow significantly as Madagascar approaches its typical “lean season” before harvest.
How exactly has climate change caused widespread extreme scarcity of food?
According to statistics from the Global Carbon Project, Madagascar emits a little more than 0.01 percent of the world’s yearly carbon dioxide discharge of something, especially gas or radiation. Between 1933 and 2019, the country produced less than 0.01 percent of all carbon dioxide produced worldwide—the carbon dioxide that is now causing Involving or causing sudden great damage or suffering. climate change. Madagascar’s a long period of very low rainfall, leading to a shortage of... More, which is the worst in 40 years, is one of the Results or effects of these changes.
Could this have been predicted?
For years, scientists have been studying climate trends in order to anticipate such implications for southern Africa. However, this hasn’t always made it simpler to avoid disasters. According to data, the number of countries vulnerable to several sorts of climatic extremes has increased by 500 percent in the last 20 years. Despite the fact that Madagascar is frequently hit by droughts and is frequently impacted by El Nio (a climatic phenomenon that explains the unusual warmth of surface waters in the eastern Pacific Ocean), scientists think climate change is directly connected to the current situation.
What caused the extreme scarcity of food?
According to food experts, the issue is caused by a combination of factors, including increased droughts connected to climate change, a weak agricultural system, and the economic effects of COVID-19. In a landmark United Nations scientific study released last month, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change stated that Madagascar has seen increased aridity and that human-induced climate change is the primary cause of Africa’s rising surface temperature. The COVID-19 epidemic, according to humanitarian organisations, has disrupted supply lines, increased unemployment, and limited access to food markets.
Many peasant farmers have turned to Searching for and collecting (anything usable) from discarde... More for insects and cactus leaves, according to the relief organisationMedecins Sans Frontieres (Doctors Without Borders). According to UNICEF, inadequate health facilities, poor sanitation, and insufficient, dangerous drinking water sources have worsened an already difficult position.
Experts believe that as climate change heats oceans and generates bigger storms, low-lying coasts are becoming more prone to cyclones and flash floods, which were formerly uncommon in this region.
Can the same situation occur in other parts of the world?
According to climate scientists, more nations are expected to face climate-related food insecurity because Madagascar is not the only country experiencing severe a long period of very low rainfall, leading to a shortage of... More. According to the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization, between 720 million and 811 million people would be hungry by 2020, owing in part to the pandemic’s economic and supply chain Results or effects, mostly in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. a long period of very low rainfall, leading to a shortage of... More in southern Angola is also causing Angolans to migrate to Namibia in quest of food. The Democratic Republic of Congo and West Africa’s Sahel area are also in danger.
Is there a solution?
Chris Funk, head of the Climate Hazards Center at Santa Barbara University in California, verified the relationship with “warming in the atmosphere” and said the Madagascan government needed to focus on improving water management. Food aid is the most urgent short-term answer, according to relief organisations, but they also emphasise the need for more long-term strategies that focus on new agricultural practises like rice fortification, which has a better nutritional value.