Written by Nihal Singh Dhingra, a grade 9 student.
The Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar award is given to people for outstanding work in science and technology in India. Holding a value of 5 Lakh Rupees, this is awarded to multiple individuals annually for outstanding research in Biological, Chemical, Earth, Atmosphere, Ocean and Planetary, Engineering, Mathematical, Medical, and Physical Sciences. In addition to the cash prize, the scientists also receive 15,000 rupees every month for their service. The award was instituted in 1958.
Who was Sir Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar?
Dr. Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar was a renowned Indian chemist and was the Founder Director and the Director-General of the CSIR, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (the council which gives the Swarup Bhatnagar award). He is called the father of research laboratories and this prestigious award is named after him.
He was called Sir, because the British government knighted him in the 1941 for his contributions to the advancement of science. He was awarded Padma Bhushan by the government of India in 1954. A knighthood is a title that is given to a man by a British king or Queen for his achievements or his service to his country. A man who has been given a knighthood can put ‘ Sir’ in front of his name instead of ‘ Mr’
Who has got the awards this year?
In 2020, a total of 14 scientists have received the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize. Dr. Abhijit Mukherjee and Dr. Bushra Ateeq from IIT Kharagpur and Kanpur respectively, are two of the recipients of the award.
Awards like these promote and encourage aspiring scientists to pursue their passion.