Written by Nihal Dhingra, a grade 9 student
This story dates back to the 1980s, when two West Asian countries, Armenia and Azerbaijan fought a bloody war over the region of Nagorno-Karabakh, a mountainous region at the common border, and it has also been the reason for the violence that followed. Although, the region was recognized as a part of Azerbaijan, it was inhabited and run by Armenians for a long period of time.
Many thousands of citizens have died during the course of the conflict. After a great period of time, Russia, a common neighbour with great relations with both the countries, has arranged a peace deal between Armenia and Azerbaijan. The two countries had been having a conflict for over many decades, but on 10 November 2020, after three unsuccessful ceasefires and many protests by the residents of both the countries, a written deal was signed by Russian President Vladimir Putin, Azerbaijani president Ilham Aliyev, and Armenian prime minister Nikol Pashinyan to live in peace. The conflict was over the region of Nagorno-Karabakh in the South Caucasus. The Caucasus is a very important region which both the countries wanted to control but, now a major part of it is controlled by Azerbaijan.
As per the deal, all military operations have been suspended and peacekeepers from Russia with a force of 2000 will be deployed in the Lachin corridor that connects Nagorno-Karabakh to Armenia, for a period of five years.
Although Armenia is not satisfied with the deal, but it is the end of a conflict of historic importance.
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