Written by Sairaya Chopra, a grade 12 student.
Neighbouring countries, India and Nepal’s army will be participating in a joint military exercise called ‘Suryakiran X-V’ starting on the 20th of September 2021 up until the 3rd of October in Pithoragarh, a town in Uttarakhand, for two weeks.
Three hundred Army soldiers from each country will work together. In an interview with Wion, Santosh Ballav Poudyal (spokesman for the Nepal Army) stated “The area of focus in the exercise will be counter an active revolt or uprising and general warfare technique.” As the military exercise is being helped during the Covid 19 pandemic, strict safety protocols have been adhered to, such as the participants getting vaccinated (both doses) as well as carrying out PCR tests.
This follows a flurry of a public disagreement or heated discussion. that erupted during a recent visit by a Nepalese military group to India to meet with their Indian People or things that are a lot like other people or things.... More.
According to a Times of India article, during an interview, a senior army officer from Uttar Bharat headquarters said “The visiting team will interact with Indian Army delegation and acquaint itself with the administrative/ training infrastructure available and also finalize a roadmap for the exercise.
What’s the aim?
The aim of the visit is to facilitate and prepare both participating teams for successful joint training to include integrated battle drills, counter-insurgency operations in mountainous terrain, enhance the interoperability skills in humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations between the two countries.”
As part of the programme, there will be drills related to counter an active revolt or uprising, counter-terrorism operations, and humanitarian assistance and disaster relief response mechanism as well as important lectures
Suryakiran started in 2011 and it occurs alternately between India and Nepal. The last Suryakiran exercise was from 3rd December to 16th December 2019 and it happened at Nepal Army Battle School (NABS) in Saljhandi. The name ‘Suryakiran’ translates to ‘rays of the sun’ Sanskrit
List of Surya Kiran Exercises (2011-2019)
|Surya Kiran Ex.||Year||Location|
|Surya Kiran I||2011||Vairengte (Mizoram) India|
|Surya Kiran II||2011||Amlekhganj, Nepal|
|Surya Kiran III||2012||Himalayan region of India-Nepal border|
|Surya Kiran IV||2012||Himalayan region of India-Nepal border|
|Surya Kiran V||2013||Pithoragarh (Uttarakhand), India|
|Surya Kiran VI||2014||Saljhandi, Nepal|
|Surya Kiran VII||2014||Pithoragarh (Uttarakhand), India|
|Surya Kiran VIII||2015||Saljhandi, Nepal|
|Surya Kiran IX||2016||Pithoragarh (Uttarakhand), India|
|Surya Kiran X||2016||Saljhandi, Nepal|
|Surya Kiran XI||2017||Pithoragarh (Uttarakhand), India|
|Surya Kiran XII||2017||Saljhandi, Nepal|
|Surya Kiran XIII||2018||Pithoragarh (Uttarakhand), India|
|Surya Kiran XIV||2019||Saljhandi, Nepal|
Source: Table from https://byjus.com/free-ias-prep/surya-kiran/
India and Nepal’s defence cooperation include:
- Assistance during disasters
- Joint military exercises
- Adventure activities and
- Bilateral visits
What makes the bond between India and Nepal so strong?
In order to recognize their mutual relationship, for the last 71 years, both armies have been awarding the other’s Army Chief with the honorary rank of ‘General’. Along with this, 32000 Nepalese Gurkha soldiers are part of the Indian Army.