Written by Sanjana Nayakanti a grade 5 student
What are the ‘New Seven Wonders of the World’? Are there old ones too?
The New Seven Wonders of the World is a campaign, launched in 2000 by a Swiss foundation to choose new the Wonders of the World from a selection of about 200 most spectacular natural and man-made monuments.
The old (and original) Seven Wonders list was created in ancient times, in the 2nd century BCE. Out of that list only one still exists, and those are the Pyramids of Giza.
This is why a new list was needed.
How were they chosen?
The wonders of the world were chosen by a poll (online voting and telephone voting). This whole initiative was organized by the New 7 Wonders Foundation (N7W) based in Zurich, Switzerland. In 2007, more than 100 million people voted and selected the below-listed new wonders of the world.
The New Seven Wonders of the World fascinate the old and the young. Let’s have a look at some lesser-known facts about these monuments. Fun facts about the 7 wonders of the world:
Taj Mahal, India
Taj Mahal has 4 minarets/towers on its four corners. If you notice, all the minarets slant a bit. They were built that way so that if there is an earthquake, the towers will fall away from the main sculpture.
Since the Taj Mahal is made of pure white marble, different coloured lights are used to show the monument in different colours at different times of the day. Beautiful natural colours such as pink, blue, orange, reddish, and yellow are used during different times of the day.
The Great Wall of China, China
The Great Wall of China is the longest man-made structure in the world (the wall is 13,171 miles long).
Scientists have found human body remains in this wall and this has proved that the wall was made by several generations. The wall took a total of 2,000 years to build.It is a myth that the Great Wall of China can be seen from outer space. It certainly isn’t visible from the Moon.
This ancient city in Jordan was found by a Swiss explorer, Johann Ludwig, in the year 1812.
A very interesting fact about this place is that the bigger half of the city is carved out of a single huge rock. Imagine all of that! It must be so beautiful!
It’s also called Rose city as the rock it was carved from was in pink colour.
A part of the Hollywood blockbuster movie – Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade was filmed in Petra because of its beautiful architecture.
Machu-Picchu is the most popular tourist location in the country of Peru.
It was built in 1450 and was abandoned after about a century. It was declared a UNESCO heritage site in 1983.
It was built with dry stone walls and spans an area of 80,536 acres or approximately 353 square kilometres.
It is among the top 100 endangered places and is under threat of destruction by earthquakes.
The original name of the Colosseum was Flavian Amphitheater.
The Colosseum is huge, has 80 entrances, and can host around 65,000 people at a go in its stands.
The Colosseum is still the world’s largest amphitheater and was built in just 9 years from 72 AD to 81 AD by about 60,000 slaves.
There are tunnels and chambers under the arena floor, to store slaves and animals.
In recent times, few popular concerts by Billy Joel, Elton John, and Paul McCartney were held in the Colosseum.
Christ the Redeemer, Brazil
Christ the Redeemer is a massive statue of Jesus Christ, built with concrete in 1931 and has 6.2 million soapstone tiles on it. It took 11 years to complete the statue.
The statue is 125 feet tall, excluding the 22 feet pedestal on which it stands, and 92 feet wide. It is as tall as the mountains surrounding it. Once during a storm, a lightning bolt struck the thumb of Christ’s hand, and till now the statue is thumbless.
Chichén Itzá, Mexico
Chichen Itza is believed to be the largest city ever built by the Mayan civilization and is famous for the pyramid temple, El Castillo which means castle.
There are over 80 paved walkways on El Castillo.
Chichén Itzá means ‘At the mouth of the well of the Itza’.
It is said that ‘itza’ means water magicians. So, it is believed that if someone drinks water from here, their sins are all gone and removed from their fate.